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CRAMPS: Occur after several hours of physical exertion in the heat.
Symptoms: Painful muscle spasms usually in the legs or abdomen.
HEAT EXHAUSTION: Due to loss of water & salt through sweat
Symptoms: Headache, nausea, dizziness, weakness, and cool, clammy skin.
Prevention: Same as heat cramp prevention
HEAT STROKE: A serious condition when the body’s cooling system stops working and core temperature rises to dangerous levels. If ignored, heat stroke can lead to death.
Prevention: Same procedure concerning heat cramps or heat exhaustion
Operating a boat requires concentrated skill and a keen sense of awareness in the boat and on water. A clear head and a responsible outlook are necessary to make a day on the water as smooth and as safe as possible.
Drinking Afloat: More Dangerous Than Driving
It takes as little as four hours of exposure to sun, wind, glare, vibration, and other motion on the water to produce “boater’s hypnosis,” a kind of fatigue that slows reaction time almost as much as if a person were drunk. Alcohol can affect your judgment, motor skills, peripheral vision, depth perception, night vision, and balance. “Tipsy” people on an unstable, moving platform like a boat run the risk of slipping on deck, stumbling down a gangway, or falling overboard. In the event of a fall overboard, alcohol may increase risk of cardiac arrest and will certainly reduce your body’s ability to stay warm in cold water. It is a well-established fact that with the very first drink, brain functions are depressed. That’s why boaters should never drink when operating a boat. Every state has strict drinking and boating laws – you can be arrested on the water.
A rip current: A strong channel of water flowing seaward from the shore. It can occur at any beach with breaking waves.
How to escape a rip current: