Students gain a greater understanding of Emergency Operation Center (EOC) coordination and procedures through the classroom lectures and case study discussions, as well as small-group planning sessions and practical exercises. For the emergency exercise, each participant is assigned a role similar to their current jurisdiction position. IEMCs are designed to help individuals and communities identify potential deficiencies in emergency plans, staff knowledge, and EOC operations so that these weaknesses can be corrected prior to an actual emergency.
Instructional methods used in the classroom are designed to challenge individuals and communities to examine emergency policies, plans, and procedures and to identify needed improvements. In this manner, corrective actions can be taken prior to major emergencies or catastrophic disasters.